× Home Calendar Courses Club CIAO Request A Course VitalStim® Info VitalStim® Registry Products eCourse Bundles About Us Our Mission Podcasts FAQs/Forms Toys & Tools Search Contact Login!
  • BACK

    Visual Consequences of Stroke, Brain Injury and Concussion in Adults Ecourse



    No resources for this course are currently available for listing.

    Printer Friendly

    Appropriate Disciplines

    • Certified Occupational Therapy Asst
    • Occupational Therapist
    • Physical Therapist
    • Physical Therapy Asst
    • Speech Language Pathologist
    • Speech Language Pathology Asst

Course Description

Vision is our furthest reaching sense, telling us 75% of what we know about the world around us. Stroke, brain injury and concussion can disrupt the visual system, affecting not just our patient's knowledge of the world around them but also how they interact and move through that world. This course will explain the most common visual consequences of stroke and brain injury from double vision, near vision focusing problems to visual cuts. Participants will learn to assess and document these deficits and learn modifications to improve performance and safety during treatment sessions in the clinic and at home. The participants will learn simple, inexpensive techniques to improve visual symptoms and patient outcomes. Physical, Occupational and Speech therapists will all benefit from a deeper understanding of the functional role of the visual system in their patient's recovery.

Course Objectives

Upon successful completion of this course, participants will be able to:

  • Cite the prevalence of vision dysfunction following stroke and TBI
  • Differentiate the role of ophthalmology, optometry and specialist optometrists in managing the visual problems of neurological events
  • Illustrate the anatomical causes of visual complaints
  • Summarize the most common visual consequences of neurological events
  • Differentiate between neglect and a visual field cut
  • Explain the importance of understanding a patient’s vision history
  • Demonstrate techniques to assess eye movements and near vision focusing
  • Develop activities that will improve ocular motor activities
  • List techniques to improve posture and balance using the visual system
  • Document ocular motor and visual skills
  • Utilize modifications during treatment to compensate for visual dysfunction

Robert Constantine


Robert Constantine, OTR\L is a 1997 graduate of University of Alabama at Birmingham Occupational Therapy program where he was awarded the Charles Brooks Award for Creativity. He has practiced in home health, and skilled nursing contexts and spent 9 years as the clinical specialist in brain injury at the West Florida Rehabilitation Institute where he developed a passion for evidenced-based treatment, sharing information and the functional effects of the visual system. Beginning in 2013, he enjoyed a 3 year tenure at an optometry practice where he learned techniques working closely with low vision, pediatric and adult optometrists. He has received Clinical Level 1 and 2 training offered by the Neuro-Optometric Rehab Association. He was also instructed in sports vision training working with the High Performance Vision Associates, a national group of optometrists that offer sports vision screenings to elite athletes. He developed specialized Drag Racing Glasses and has worked with NHRA Sportsman and Professional Drag Racers. He continues to provide vision rehabilitation services to pediatric and adult patients at the Pearl Nelson Center and Kindred at Home in Pensacola, Florida. Robert has been a national and international presenter for since 2016. His courses are engaging and full of personal experience and the latest evidence-based research.
Financial Disclosure: Rob receives honoraria from CIAO Seminars for the presentation of this course. Non-Financial Disclosure: None

60 Minutes
Welcome and speaker introduction, The problems and the players, Anatomy of the visual system, Understanding your patients vision history
60 Minutes
Glasses, contacts and IOLs, “Legally blind”, The most common visual complaints after stroke and TBI explained
60 Minutes
Assessing the visual system of the neurological patient, Acuity, contrast sensitivity, Visual Field vs neglect
45 Minutes
Ocular motor skills, The near vision system, Eye Alignment
60 Minutes
The Components of a good ocular motor activity, Treating ocular motor problems, The Multitool of ocular motor skills, Simple tools and optometry tool
30 Minutes
Using the Visual system to improve balance and posture
45 Minutes
Managing double vision-beyond the patch, Treating techniques for visual field cut improvement
45 Minutes
The three step model of vision from Dr. Charles Boulet, Visual perception…when to assess it, Resources and tools
6.8 Hours

Delivery VIA:

  • Online - This course is offered in an online, on demand format.

Contact hours pre-approved for:

  • 6.5 Hours
  • CIAO is an ASHA Approved Provider #AAWA (0.65 ASHA CEUs) bubble sheet required
  • ASHA CE Provider Approval and use of the Brand Block does not imply endorsement of course content, specific products, or clinical procedures.
  • CIAO is an AOTA Approved Provider of professional development. AOTA Course approval ID#01697
  • This online course is offered at 0.65 AOTA CEUs Intermediate level, OT Service Delivery
  • AOTA does not endorse specific course content, products, or clinical procedures.
  • This course meets PDU requirements for NBCOT (6.5 PDUs)
  • CIAO is an Illinois Approved Provider for PT/PTA Continuing Education
  • CIAO is recognized as an Approved Provider for PT/PTAs by the NYSE Dept State Board for PT
  • This activity meets the continuing competence requirements for PT/PTA license renewal in TX
  • This activity is provided by the TBPTE Accredited Prov. #2202009#TX
  • The assignment of Texas PT CCUs does not imply endorsement of specific course content, products or clinical procedures by TPTA or TBPTE
  • The Physical Therapy Board of California recognizes CIAO Seminars as an Approval Agency to Approve Providers Offering Continuing Competency Courses
  • CIAO is a Rule Approved Provider for the Florida Board of Physical Therapy
  • CIAO is an Approved Provider for the Florida Board of Occupational Therapy
  • 6.5 Hrs PT/PTAs in AR, IL, OK, TX (6.5 CCUs)
  • 7.5 Hrs. OT/COTAs in FL (CE Broker #20-844120)
  • 7.8 Hrs. PT/PTAs in NY

The assignment of AOTA CEUs does not imply endorsement of specific course content, products, or clinical procedures by AOTA.

Intermediate Level
0.65 ASHA CEUs

CIAO Automatically reports to CE Broker for Florida Occupational and Physical Therapists and Assistants. Florida SLPs can either use the ASHA CE Participant Form (Bubble Sheet) or self-submit through CE Broker.

CIAO is recognized on the NBCOT Provider Registry (meets PDU requirements for NBCOT)


"Thank you!"

- Edison, NJ / Jul 2022

"Well done. "

- Salida, CO / Feb 2022

"Very dense course , I would really like to have access to it more than one month, that it will be part of the year package. I found it too hard to integrate all that new knowledge . Very interesting course to come back when needed"

- Montreal, / May 2021